The plum is widely ornamental, limited and less caring than most fruit plants. Plum is rich in vitamins A, B (thiamine), riboflavin, and nutritional elements such as calcium, phosphorus and iron. Due to its fantastic amount of sourness and sweetness, it is very beneficial for making products like jam, cake, etc. Dried plums are also known as Prunes. They are also used in Ayurvedic form. Drink the liquid prepared from it, and it is also used to protect against allergies in summer.
Plum has grown in a wide variety of soil. Also, it requires more fertile and well-irrigated soil. Loamy soil is best for growing as it contains a 5.5 – 6.5 pH level. And remember ground should not be so hard, salt content and waterlogging.
Better productive farming requires a plough in which farmers can plough the field twice and diagonally to level it and maintain it. Also, remember when you prepare the area so that water does not stop and flow continuously. Moreover, Swaraj 744 is an excellent model to perform every farming task efficiently.
The Best time to sow plums is the first fortnight of January. The distance needed for space is 15×30 cm between plants, and the distance between the plants and the rows is 6×6 meters. Along with this, plum plants can sow directly. Moreover, for plantain plum on 1-acre, farmers need approx—110 seed plants of better quality.
Peach and apricot parts are used for better breeding of plums. Peach parts are recommended in light soils, whereas in heavily gardened soils, Kabul green gauge and apricot parts give good yields. Cutting and sowing Kala Amritsari without grafting is also helpful. To do this, the cutting part of the stem is ready in the first week of December, and after the branch is ripe for 30 days, it is done in January at 15×30 cm. planted in the area.
If the tree is 1-2 years old, apply 6-12 kg of well-rotted manure, 60-120 g of urea, 95-120 g of SSP and 60-120 g of Murate of Potash per tree when the tree is 3-4 years old. Then add 18-24 kg of well-rotted manure, urea 180-240 g, SSP 95-120 g, and Muriate of potash 180-240 g per tree and when the tree is 5 years old or more. If so, apply 30-36 kg of well-rotted manure, Urea 300-360 gm, SSP 95-120 gm and Murate of Potash 300-360 gm per tree.
Before germination of weeds, Diuron is recommended with Terbasil at 1.2 kg/acre or Cimazine 1.6 kg per acre and post-emergence glyphosate 320 ml for weed control. Apply per acre.
The root of the plum plant is irregular, and it matures quickly. Therefore, it needs a lot of moisture at the time of development. Irrigation depends on soil type, season and fruit type. In April, May and June, give irrigation for one week. Rinse well at the time of flowering and fruit ripening. Irrigation is not required during the rainy season. In September, October and November, give irrigation for 20 days.
The ripening time of the fruits of this crop depends on the variety. All the fruits must ripen on the tree. Ripe fruits can be collected by making multiple plucking and packed with utmost care. Swaraj 963 is best for harvesting and also easily attached farming implements.
This crop gets spoiled quickly, so it should be packed well and stored at the right temperature.
Popular Varieties of Plum
Plants of this type are straight and spreading. Its fruits are more significant than the rest of the varieties. The yield of this variety is less than that of the Kala Amritsari variety. The rind of its fruits is yellow, and there are red spots in the centre. Its pulp is delicious and sweet.
It is the most preferred variety of plains. The shape of its fruits is normal, round-flat. After ripening, the outer layer of its fruit becomes dark purple. Its middle layer is yellow dotted, and the flesh is juicy. Its fruits are mildly sour. Fruits ripen in the second fortnight of May. Fruits of this variety are used for making jams and squash.
This variety does not bear fruit when grown alone, so the Kala Amritsari variety is used for its pollination. Therefore, having a Kala Amritsari variety plant in every second row is essential to get good fruits. The size of the fruits of this variety is increased, and the weight is 25-30 grams. Its outer layer is thick, and the middle layer has yellow dots. Generally, its fresh fruits are eaten. It matures in early May and gives an average 35-40 kg per tree yield.
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